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Open access policies in Kenya and Moldova
Key achievements, strategies, tactics and tools, success stories and lessons learnt from the two EIFL-funded projects on drafting, adopting and implementing open access policies in Kenyan and Moldovian universities.
Open access (OA) was first introduced to Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) Library through a workshop entitled, “The Benefits of OA for Research Dissemination, Usage, Visibility and Impact” funded by EIFL in August 2010. One of the outcomes of the workshop was the creation of an all inclusive committee with a mandate to write an OA institutional policy. The committee was chaired by Professor Kamau Ngamau, the Dean of Faculty of Agriculture. The JKUAT OA policy was adopted on the 22nd of June 2012 and the OA Institutional Repository (IR) was set up. With this policy in place, the library decided that the next step should be to raise awareness of both the OA policy and the OA IR.
- The JKUAT OA IR was publicly launched by the Vice-Chancellor;
- The Board of Postgraduate Studies was enthusiastic about this initiative and have already sent 479 copies of thesis and dissertations which are in the process of being uploaded to OA IR;
- OA IR became a part of the University performance contract for the year 2012-2013 thereby ensuring that there is a commitment to achieving the stated goals.
- A variety of successful awareness raising activities were conducted: one-on-one sessions were held with a total of 19 Chairmen of Departments; a team of students demonstrated the IR to Chairmen of three major departments; and a two-day workshop was attended by 79 administrators and faculty members.
Read the case study “Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Open Access Institutional Repository” written by the project manager Miriam Wanjiku Ndungu, JKUAT Library [PDF].
There are four OA journals published in Moldova by the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Presa Universitara Balteana and Alecu Russo State University of Bălţi. The Library community has been active in the OA movement, but there were no OA IR and no OA policies in the country. The project objectives were to: develop and approve an OA policy at the Academy of Economic Studies (AESM); launch an OA IR; share information about OA in the national language; increase awareness of OA among faculty and students; identify OA advocates to continue promoting OA on campus and in the country; train and encourage other universities and research organizations in the country to follow AESM's approach.
- The first OA policy in Moldova was adopted by the Senate at the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova (AESM) on December 24, 2012.
- The first OA repository in the country launched at AESM.
- Through a variety of promotional activities, over 15,000 faculty, students, research administrators and librarians gained an understanding of and confidence in OA.
Read the case study “Open Access – Optimizing Scholarly Communication” written by the project manager Natalia Cheradi, AESM Library [PDF].
These are the ninth and the tenth (out of 11) case studies describing the results of the 2012 national and institutional OA advocacy campaigns to reach out to research communities in Africa, Asia, and Europe. These case studies illustrate activities, advocacy strategies, successes and lessons learnt, thus libraries everywhere can benefit. Stay tuned for last case from Nepal that will be released in February!
Check out other already released case studies:
- OA from the perspective of young researchers – a case study from Lithuania;
- Promoting OA through the implementation of OJS (Open Journal Systems) for the KNUST research community – a case study from Ghana;
- Advocating for OA in Kenya and Sudan – case studies;
- Open access advocacy in Belarus and Serbia – case studies; and
- Open access advocacy in Uganda and Zimbabwe – case studies.
You can also read about the results and lessons learned from the 2011 EIFL-OA advocacy grants. All case studies available here.
The EIFL-OA Programme is supported by the Information Programme, Open Society Foundations.